Fuel Oil is also referred to as Heavy Fuel Oil, depending on the viscosity of the oil. Both are thick, viscous fuels with high specific gravity. By definition, any petroleum-based fuel with a specific gravity higher than 0.90 and viscosity exceeding 180 cSt at 50°C is heavy fuel oil (HFO).
Marine engines and oil-fired captive power plants use HFO as fuel. The comparatively low cost of heavy fuel oil makes it fuel for commercial power generation and propulsion.
In general heavy fuel oil is the left-over remains of crude oil after the distillation of all the lighter and valuable fuels (diesel, gasoline, naphtha, kerosene, and distillate).
Fuel oil is viscous and is not pumpable at ambient temperature. Heating of heavy fuel oil is necessary for separation and subsequent use in engines.
As mentioned above, fuel oil essentially is the left-over distillation tower in the crude oil refining process. Therefore, it contains high amounts of crude oil sludge in it. This sludge, if left untreated, causes severe problems for the engine using this fuel oil.
Condensation and seepage is a source of water contamination of fuel oil. This water can also cause engine performance issues if left in the fuel oil untreated.
Based on the reasons mentioned above, pre-treatment of fuel oil is critical for reliable engine performance with minimal breakdowns.
A centrifugal fuel oil separator is the most reliable and proven method to purify fuel oil as a pre-treatment method.
A fuel oil centrifuge is a disc-stack centrifuge configured to separate fuel from water and sludge. Raw fuel oil contains water and sludge and therefore, cannot be used directly in engines. A fuel oil separator centrifuge uses centrifugal force to remove the sediment and free water from the fuel.
Dolphin Centrifuge's fuel oil centrifuges are fully automatic systems for the purification of light & heavy fuel oils. They feature Alfa Laval self-cleaning, disc stack, centrifugal separators.
The separation process is essential to remove contaminants such as heavy metals (vanadium, sodium, potassium, etc.), as well as water and fuel sludge before using the fuel.
Contaminated fuel oil can cause premature failure of engine & turbine components due to corrosion, clogging, and erosion of the fuel system.
Properly cleaned and treated fuel is usable in a range of gas turbines and IC engine power plants.
Examples of Fuel Oil centrifuge applications include cogeneration power plants, marine transportation vessels, fuel storage facilities, backup fuel oil generator tanks, etc.
There are multiple benefits to using centrifuges for the purification of fuel oils. Some of the important benefits are listed below.
|Removal of Water & Sludge from Fuel Oil|
|FOPX 605 TFD 24||FOPX 610 TFD 24||FOPX 613 TFD 24|
|7,600 RPM||5,180 RPM||4,140 RPM|
|21 GPM||68 GPM||105 GPM|
|12 GPM @ 190 F||42 GPM @ 190 F||65 GPM @ 190 F|
|10 GPM @ 190 F||32 GPM @ 190 F||47 GPM @ 190 F|
|3 GPM @ 200 F||14 GPM @ 200 F||20 GPM @ 200 F|
|4′ x 4′||4′ x 5′||5′ x 6′|
|* Specifications are for base skid without any options.|
Dolphin-designed and manufactured fuel oil system process untreated fuel oil through a pre-filtration and pre-heating system to the Alfa Laval, three-Phase, disc-stack centrifuge.
The heated oil has a much lower viscosity conducive to easier centrifuge separation. The extremely high centrifugal force within the separator bowl slings out the water and sludge from the oil.
The centrifugal purifier internally pumps the separated clean fuel oil to a local storage tank, which feeds the turbine or engine.
|Capacity||30 GPM on ISO 180|
|Voltages||230 / 460 V 3-Ph|
|Size||5' x 5'|
|Capacity||40 GPM on 380 cSt HFO|
|Voltages||230 / 460 V 3-Ph|
|Size||5' 6' x 8' (H)|