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Industrial operations with machining operations such as metal cutting, grinding, milling, etc., use coolants for product consistency and operational durability. Therefore the quality of the machining coolant is an essential factor for efficient machining operations.
Many companies do not continually measure the contamination levels in their machining coolants. They have learned by trial and error that no problems will occur in the following machining stages by changing the coolant once a month or so.
Changing coolants just because they are dirty is an old-fashioned approach. It is also a messy and time-consuming task. With an industrial fluid centrifuge, you can control the contamination in the coolant tank.
There are many benefits to having a Clean Machining Coolant.
A machining coolant centrifuge is an industrial disc centrifuge that effectively removes tramp oil and sediment from the coolant continuously. It is a mechanical separator that uses centrifugal force to separate water-based coolants from denser metal particles.
A machine coolant centrifuge exerts a very high centrifugal force of over 7,000 Gs on the contaminated coolant. As a result, the small metal particles (down to 1 micron) accumulate on the bowl wall from where they are self-ejected.
The lighter coolant (free of contaminants) exits the centrifuge continuously through the fluid outlet passage.
In summary, an industrial fluid centrifuge offers several advantages, especially for the larger-scale handling of cutting fluids.
Despite the advantages listed above, there are certain disadvantages to centrifuges for coolant recycling. The following are some of the limitations of centrifuges.
The following table summarizes the specifications of a typical, medium-capacity coolant centrifuge.
|Centrifuge Model||Alfa Laval WSPX 307TGD-71G|
|Centrifuge Type||High-Speed, Self-Cleaning, Disc Stack|
|Coolant Processing Capacity||28 GPM*|
|Bowl Speed||8,375 RPM|
|Motor HP||10 HP|
|Max. Solids||32 Gal/ Hr|
|Dimensions||30" x 52" x 54" (H)|
Coolant centrifuges are available in different sizes, catering to customers with a small or large volume of water-based coolant to purify. The following table gives the nominal processing capacities of centrifuge models available from Dolphin Centrifuge.
|Centrifuge Model||Capacity on Coolant||Sludge Handling*|
|Alfa Laval WSB 104||3 GPM||Manual Clean|
|Alfa Laval WSPX 303||3 GPM||Self-Cleaning|
|Alfa Laval MAB 206||12 GPM||Manual Cleaning|
|Alfa Laval WSPX 207||20 GPM||Self-Cleaning|
|Alfa Laval WSPX 307||28 GPM||Self-Cleaning|
|Alfa Laval MOPX 210||32 GPM||Self-Cleaning|
|Alfa Laval MAB 209||40 GPM||Manual Clean|
|Alfa Laval WSPX 213||50 GPM||Self-Cleaning|
|* Manual Clean = Operators need to stop and remove separated sludge.|
Self-Cleaning = Centrifuge automatically ejects separated sludge without stoppage.
No, a disc stack centrifuge does not separate water-based machining coolant into water and oil. The centrifuge separates the tramp oil and fine sediment without breaking the coolant emulsion.
A standard disc-stack centrifuge is designed to separate majority oil (light phase) from minority water (heavy phase). A coolant recovery centrifuge feed constitution is the opposite.
There are specially designed centrifuges to separate the majority heavy (coolant) phase from the minority light (tramp oil) phase. Though a standard centrifuge can be converted to a coolant separation centrifuge, it requires modifying or replacing specific parts for the conversion.
Yes, the coolant centrifuge has some adjustment features that allow the user to tune the centrifuge to produce an absolutely clean coolant with small amounts of coolant with the tramp oil or vice versa.
For water-based coolants, a coolant centrifuge can be quite effective if the coolant is at ambient temperature. However, heating the coolant increases the centrifuge's separation efficiency and could also help mitigate some of the bacterial growth in coolants. Read our article about pasteurizing machine coolant.
The separated sediment or sludge discharges from the centrifuge in the form of a thick paste (i.e. toothpaste) or a pumpable slurry, depending on the centrifuge setting and the type of centrifuge.
Coolant centrifuges often replace belt filters. However, it is not a drop-in replacement due to the centrifuge's requirement of operating water which is easy to facilitate. The centrifuge system has a smaller footprint than a belt filter.
Standard coolant centrifuge modules are designed to operate on 460 Volt, 3-Phase power. However, we can design a coolant centrifuge system to operate on 220 Volts, 1-Phase power supply. It is worth noting that only small capacity centrifuges can operate on 220 Volts, Single phase power due to the motor size restrictions.
Yes, a coolant centrifuge separates water-based, synthetic, and semi-synthetic coolants with the same efficiency. There is no difference between the various coolants from a centrifuge perspective.
Water-based coolants get contaminated with oil from hydraulic machinery, metal coating, machine tools, etc. This oil accumulates in the coolant forming a floating layer known as tramp oil.
The following list of common problems associated with tramp oil in coolants.
A tramp oil centrifuge is an industrial, 3-phase centrifuge designed to separate tramp oil from water-based coolants. It is a pass-through type of centrifuge that can separate the tramp oil from the coolants producing fresh, reusable machining coolant.
A high-speed, disc-stack centrifuge produces over 7,000 gravity forces to continuously separate the tramp oil and solid particles from the machining coolant. The high g-force forces the heavy metal sediment to the bowl wall,
It also concentrates the light tramp oil in the rotating bowl’s center, which comes out of the center fluid passage; the clean coolant discharges through the outer fluid passage.
|Centrifuge Model||Alfa Laval WSPX 303-TGP-34|
|Centrifuge Type||High-Speed, Self-Cleaning, Disc Stack|
|Lube Oil Capacity||2 GPM|
|Coolant Capacity||3 GPM*|
|Bowl Speed||8,500 RPM|
|Motor HP||3 HP|
|Voltage||230 / 460; 3-Phase|
|Size||36" x 48" x 50" (H)|
Have you heard of pasteurizing machining coolant? It helps eliminate the bacteria in coolants. Read our detailed article about machining coolant recovery using a disc centrifuge and pasteurization.